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Cholera is a bacterial infection caused by consuming unhygienic food and water contaminated with the bacterium—Vibrio cholerae. It can kill within hours if left untreated. Cholera vaccination is an effective way to protect against the disease.Not recommended for routine use in healthy individuals; recommended only for the vaccination of persons residing in highly endemic areas.

Vaccination schedule adapted from IAP* Advisory Committee of Vaccination & Immunization Practices (ACVIP) *Indian Academy of Pediatrics
What should you do if you miss the vaccination?
CATCH-UP VACCINATION

If you miss out the dose of these vaccinations during the stipulated time, you can consult with your doctor for a Catch-up Vaccination.

Did you know?
  • Around 1.3 to 4 million cholera cases are reported worldwide every year, and about 1 lakh people die from this disease.
  • Around 2020, approximately 3, 23,369 cases and 857 deaths were reported from 24 countries.
Don’t Delay!

Consult your paediatrician for more information on cholera vaccination.

What Is Cholera?

Cholera is an extremely virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhea

Cholera is an acute intestinal infection which spreads through food and water contaminated with faeces. The cholera bacterium (Vibrio cholerae) attacks an individual's intestines and causes diarrhoea, vomiting, and subsequent loss of fluids. In severe cases with no treatment, it can cause dehydration and lead the person into shock and even death.

How Is Cholera Transmitted?

Cholera is caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium—Vibrio cholerae—found in faeces.
It spreads in the following ways:

  • If you come in contact with the faeces (poop) of an infected person.
  • If you eat food or drink water contaminated with faeces (bacterium—Vibrio cholerae).
  • If you eat raw or undercooked shellfish.

It often occurs in urban slums, refugee camps, and poor colonies that lack proper sanitation facilities.

Cholera does not spread from person to person but can spread through contact with the infected person's faeces.

What Are the Symptoms and Complications of Cholera?

The symptoms usually occur between 12 hours and five days after ingestion of contaminated food or water. The common symptoms are:

  • Profuse watery diarrhoea
  • Dehydration
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid Fluid Loss
  • Leg Cramps
  • Shock

The symptoms are usually mild or moderate, with cases of mild diarrhoea and dehydration. In severe cases, the person may experience:

  • Low blood sugar: Children are at a high risk as low blood sugar can lead to unconsciousness, seizures, and even death.
  • Kidney failure: Cholera can cause body fluids and waste to build in the body and cause life-threatening complications.
  • Low Potassium: Cholera can cause a rapid loss of body fluids and electrolytes, including minerals like potassium. Low potassium can set back heart and nerve functions.

When Should a Child Receive Vaccination for Cholera?

Children above the age of one can take the cholera vaccine orally.

The Oral Cholera Vaccine is a two-dose vaccine given at an interval of at least two weeks.

However, consult your doctor for more information.

What Are the Common Side Effects Associated with Cholera Vaccination?

The possible side effects of the cholera vaccine are:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Cough
  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Weakness
  • Vertigo
  • Nausea
  • Dryness in mouth

Most of the side effects are common and disappear with time.
If the side effects persist, please consult your doctor.

FAQs

How can I prevent cholera?

If you are residing in a place affected with cholera or travelling to such a place, follow these methods:

  • Wash hands with soap and water before handling the food and after using the toilet.
  • Drink only boiled, purified, or bottled water.
  • Avoid foods from street vendors as much as possible.
  • Avoid fruits that can’t be peeled, like grapes and berries.
  • Avoid raw or undercooked seafood, like sushi and shellfish.

A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India.

Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model. The disease representation icons/images and animation are for illustrative purpose only.

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Disclaimer:
THIS WEBSITE IS ONLY FOR RESIDENTS OF INDIA.
The list of diseases mentioned here are the diseases featuring in the list of preventable diseases by IAP (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) in their routine and catchup vaccination recommendations. There could be diseases beyond the list which could affect the child. Please consult your pediatrician for more information.
A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India. Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model.
CL code: NP-IN-ABX-WCNT-210003, DoP Dec 2021

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