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Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus that can be prevented by vaccination.

Vaccination schedule adapted from IAP* Advisory Committee of Vaccination & Immunization Practices (ACVIP) *Indian Academy of Pediatrics
What should you do if you miss the vaccination?
CATCH-UP VACCINATION

If you miss out the dose of these vaccinations during the stipulated time, you can consult with your doctor for a Catch-up Vaccination.

Did you know?
  • One in three children infected before the age of 6 is at the risk of developing chronic (long-term) hepatitis B.
  • Globally, Hepatitis B infection has led to over 8 lakh deaths from cirrhosis (chronic liver disease) and hepatocellular carcinoma in 2015.
Don’t Delay!

Talk to your doctor about the Hepatitis B Vaccination.

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a contagious viral infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus. It affects the liver and can cause acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) illness.

The risk of developing a long-term infection is higher among children. While only 2-6 per cent of adults with a Hepatitis B infection develop a long-term illness or infection, the number can be as high as 90% among infants.

While not everyone who is infected may experience symptoms, some could face conditions such as cirrhosis (chronic liver disease) and liver cancer, which may prove fatal.

How is Hepatitis B transmitted?

The risk of exposure to Hepatitis B starts at birth. Here are some of the common ways that one could get infected with Hepatitis B:

  • From infected mother to child, at birth (perinatal transmission)
  • Contact with the blood of an infected person
  • Shared things, such as toothbrushes or blades, with an infected person
  • Shared needles, syringes, and other such equipment
  • Sexually through an infected partner

The virus does not spread through breastfeeding, hugging, coughing, sneezing, holding hands, or through shared utensils, food, or water.

Hepatitis B Symptoms and Complications

In the initial few days of the infection, one may not experience any symptoms. People with the acute illness may experience symptoms such as:

• Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
• Vomiting
• Abdominal pain
• Nausea (feeling sick in the stomach, wanting to vomit)
• Fatigue (extreme tiredness or exhaustion)
• Dark urine

These symptoms may last for several weeks. In some cases, people with acute hepatitis may develop acute liver failure, which may prove fatal.

When should a child receive Vaccination for Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B vaccination schedules are very flexible, providing multiple options.

These include:

Birth, 6 and 14 weeks

Birth, 6 weeks, 6 months

Birth, 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks

Hepatitis B vaccines are available as a standalone or in combination. In case missed, catch-up vaccination for Hepatitis B can be taken as advised by a doctor.

However, consult your doctor for more information.

Adverse effects associated with Hepatitis B Vaccination

Some of the most common adverse effects associated with the Hepatitis B vaccination are but not limited to:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Redness or soreness at the injection site

For more details on side effects, please consult your doctor.

FAQs

Does Hepatitis A vaccination protect against Hepatitis B infection?

No, vaccination for Hepatitis A does not offer protection against a Hepatitis B infection. It is advisable to get the Hepatitis B vaccination separately.

A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India.

Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model. The disease representation icons/images and animation are for illustrative purpose only.

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Disclaimer:
THIS WEBSITE IS ONLY FOR RESIDENTS OF INDIA.
The list of diseases mentioned here are the diseases featuring in the list of preventable diseases by IAP (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) in their routine and catchup vaccination recommendations. There could be diseases beyond the list which could affect the child. Please consult your pediatrician for more information.
A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India. Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model.
CL code: NP-IN-ABX-WCNT-210003, DoP Dec 2021

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