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Haemophilus Influenza Type b (Hib) is bacteria that mainly infects children and leads to life-threatening conditions such as pneumonia and meningitis. Hib infection can be effectively prevented with Haemophilus Influenza Type b (Hib) vaccination.

Vaccination schedule adapted from IAP* Advisory Committee of Vaccination & Immunization Practices (ACVIP) *Indian Academy of Pediatrics
What should you do if you miss the vaccination?
CATCH-UP VACCINATION

If you miss out the dose of these vaccinations during the stipulated time, you can consult with your doctor for a Catch-up Vaccination.

Did you know?
  • Globally, about 70-80 lakh serious illnesses and over 3.5 lakh deaths in children were caused by Hib in the year 2000.
  • The disease burden of Hib is highest between 4 to 18 months of age.
Don’t Delay!

Talk to your doctor about the Haemophilus Influenza Type b Vaccination.

What is Haemophilus Influenza Type b?

Haemophilus Influenza Type b is bacteria that can lead to various invasive diseases, ranging from mild to serious. Some of the common conditions that a Hib infection can lead to are:

  • Ear infections
  • Bronchitis (bronchial tube lining inflammation causing cough, shortness of breath, etc.)
  • Bacterial meningitis (inflammation of protective membranes of spinal cord and brain)
  • Pneumonia
  • Brain damage
  • Blood, joints, or bone infections
How is Hib Transmitted?

The bacteria are present in the nose and throat of a person and they can be a carrier even if they are not showing symptoms. The bacteria could pass through sneezing or coughing by an infected person. Prolonged contact with a carrier could also increase risk of infection.

What are the Symptoms and Complications of Hib Infection?

Depending on severity of infection Haemophilus Influenza Type b bacteria can lead to several diseases and complications.

For example:

Pneumonia – It is an acute respiratory infection that mainly affects the lungs.

Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Sweating
  • Chest pain
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain or aches
  • Excessive tiredness

Bacterial meningitis – It is an inflammation of the protective membrane around the brain and the spinal cord. It is a serious life-threatening condition that can lead to permanent disability or death.

Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Stiff neck
  • Nausea
  • Photophobia (fear of, or sensitivity to light)
  • State of confusion

Bloodstream infections - This refers to diseases caused by microorganisms in the blood. Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Pain in the belly
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Anxiety
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Altered mental status (confusion)

When should a child receive Haemophilus Influenza Type b (Hib) Vaccination?

The vaccination schedule for Hib varies as per the age of the child.

Less than 6 months: 3 primary (at least 1 month apart) and 1 booster at 16-18 months.

6 -12 months: 2 primary (at least 1 month apart) and 1 booster at 16-18 months.

12-15 months: 1 dose followed by a booster at 16-18 months.

15 months – 5 years: 1 dose may suffice.

Hib vaccines are available as a standalone or in combination. Different vaccines may have different schedules, consult your paediatrician for more information.

However, consult your doctor for more information.

Common Side Effects of Hib Vaccination

Some of the side effects of the Hib vaccination include:

  • Redness, warmth, or swelling where the shot was administered
  • Fever

For more details on side effects, please consult your doctor.

FAQs

How can I protect my child from Hib infection?

Hib infections commonly occur among children under 5 years of age. One of the known way to avoid getting infected with Haemophilus Influenza Type b is vaccination. Also, Hib can infect the same person more than once. Thus, vaccination is recommended even if the person has been infected once before.

A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India.

Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model. The disease representation icons/images and animation are for illustrative purpose only.

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Disclaimer:
THIS WEBSITE IS ONLY FOR RESIDENTS OF INDIA.
The list of diseases mentioned here are the diseases featuring in the list of preventable diseases by IAP (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) in their routine and catchup vaccination recommendations. There could be diseases beyond the list which could affect the child. Please consult your pediatrician for more information.
A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India. Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model.
CL code: NP-IN-ABX-WCNT-210003, DoP Dec 2021

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