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Meningococcal meningitis is caused by the Neisseria meningitidis bacteria, which holds the potential to cause large epidemics. It can be transmitted from person-to-person through respiratory droplets.

Meningococcal meningitis can be prevented by timely vaccination.

Vaccination schedule adapted from IAP* Advisory Committee of Vaccination & Immunization Practices (ACVIP) *Indian Academy of Pediatrics
What should you do if you miss the vaccination?
CATCH-UP VACCINATION

If you miss out the dose of these vaccinations during the stipulated time, you can consult with your doctor for a Catch-up Vaccination.

Did you know?
  • Meningococcal meningitis mainly affects babies, preschool children and young people, but can affect people of all ages.
  • Up to 1 in 5 survivors can have long-term disabilities, such as loss of limb(s), deafness, nervous system problems, or brain damage.
Don’t Delay!

Talk to your doctor about the Meningococcal Vaccination.

What is Meningococcal Meningitis?

While meningitis can be caused by various organisms such as bacteria, fungi, or virus of several kinds, meningococcal meningitis is caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. Also known as meningococci, the bacteria may cause sepsis, pneumonia, arthritis, myocarditis, and other such conditions, apart from meningitis. If left untreated, it can cause severe brain damage and prove fatal.

How is Meningococcal Meningitis transmitted?

The bacteria is primarily transmitted through person-to-person contact. Droplets of respiratory or throat secretions from a carrier can cause infection, usually through close or prolonged contact. Living in closed quarters, smoking, kissing, sneezing or coughing close to someone can lead to transmission. The risk of transmission increases in mass gatherings.

Symptoms and Complications of Meningococcal Meningitis

Meningococcal meningitis primarily affects the lining of the brain and the spinal cord and causes swelling. However, the symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the infection. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stiff neck
  • Confused mental state
  • Photophobia (visual sensitivity to light)

One of the more severe forms of infection is meningococcal septicemia. This can show up as a dark purple rash and a rapid circulatory collapse, often proving fatal.

Complications:

Even with early diagnosis, about 8% to 15% of the patients may not survive the first 24 to 48 hours of the infection.

1 in 5 survivors can develop complications such as deafness, problems with the nervous system, brain damage.

When should a child receive Meningococcal Meningitis Vaccination?

As per Indian Academy of Pediatrics, (2020-21), meningococcal vaccination is recommended for a high-risk group of individuals.

  • For children 9 months to 2 years, 2 doses 3 months apart#
  • For children above 2 years, single dose*

*#Please note, Meningococcal Meningitis Vaccines from different manufacturers have different approvals for ages and dosage. Please consult your paediatrician for more information.

What are the common side effects associated with Meningococcal vaccination?

Commonly known side effects after Meningococcal vaccination include:

  • Pain from the injection
  • Redness or swelling at the spot of injection
  • Fever
  • Headache

For more details on side effects, please consult your doctor.

FAQs

Can Meningococcal Meningitis be prevented?

Meningococcal Meningitis Vaccination is an effective way to protect your child against meningococcal meningitis.

There are different vaccines for different types of meningococcal disease. Meningococcal ACWY Vaccine is the one available in India. It helps protect against four major types of meningococcal disease.

Who is at high risk from meningococcal disease?

Meningococcal disease can infect anyone of any age. However, it has been observed often in children who are five years and below, immunocompromised individuals, adolescents and young adults.

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A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India.

Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model. The disease representation icons/images and animation are for illustrative purpose only.

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Disclaimer:
THIS WEBSITE IS ONLY FOR RESIDENTS OF INDIA.
The list of diseases mentioned here are the diseases featuring in the list of preventable diseases by IAP (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) in their routine and catchup vaccination recommendations. There could be diseases beyond the list which could affect the child. Please consult your pediatrician for more information.
A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India. Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only. Nothing contained in this material constitutes medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any medical queries, any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The disease list indicated for vaccination is not complete, please consult your child’s Paediatrician for the complete vaccination schedule. The doctor shown in this material is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model.
CL code: NP-IN-ABX-WCNT-210003, DoP Dec 2021

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